Government plans reform of vocational training in France

The French Prime Minister has outlined the timetable and modalities of the reforms of vocational training, apprenticeship and unemployment insurance which are due to be carried out in France.

Édouard Philippe reiterated the government’s ambition to radically transform the organization of vocational training and set the completion of the work required for these reforms at the end of January 2018.


Act 2 of the Macron government’s major reforms is officially launched with the stated aim of offering new protections and new guarantees to assets.


The government’s road map


In order to carry out reforms of vocational training, apprenticeship and unemployment insurance, the Government announced preparatory work according to “various modalities” in order to arrive at the presentation of a draft of a single law that will be debated in Parliament in the spring of 2018.


With regard to vocational training and apprenticeship, the roadmap that has been presented leaves stakeholders three months to complete their studies and refine their proposals.


Meeting the deadlines


As far as vocational training is concerned, the guidance document will be presented to the social partners in November. It is a document used to establish the diagnosis and formulating reform options, and serves as a framework on which to base an interprofessional negotiation, according to the wishes of several trade union organizations.


The Prime Minister was keen to point out the special attention that will be paid to the timeliness and the framework of the negotiations. In addition, interprofessional bargaining may take place as early as the end of January next year and a consultation on the training of jobseekers and young people with the Regions should take place in parallel.


Outline of the planned reforms

Firstly, the reform aims to strengthen the CPF, in particular by acting on several levels in order to give each employee the opportunity to build his own career path. It is also a question of proposing a greater number of training qualifying the job seekers in adequacy with the needs identified in competences of the companies.


The reform also aims to re-establish the in-depth learning, hence the establishment of a full diagnosis of the situation in November for the formulation of proposals by the various stakeholders and experts in the 3 month.


Finally, the reforms aim to simplify financing, in particular by making apprenticeships and work-study programs offered by the more complementary Pro high schools.


Thus, to develop apprenticeship, it is necessary to change the supply and the training map in order to better take into account and anticipate the needs of companies, thanks to the simplification of the financing system and the reform of the economy.